Graphical interface , or GUI, is one among the three main cornerstones of any application. The others being security and performance. There is always a need to maintain proper balance of these three vital aspects. As it, helps ensure an intuitive and seamless user experience. We can’t stress enough how important is a interface that’s insignificant, and also quite, robust. Thus, in this post, I am going to tell you about How to Python GUI. The various GUI frameworks and tools.
Due to Python’s ever-increasing fame and popularity, it makes for a compelling programming language to select today. It is a challenge for beginners as to how to build the interface. Fortunately though, there are a number of frameworks for Python. These frameworks help build interfaces and other features. We will see those in a short while.
How to Python GUI
Before we delve into the topic of How to Python GUI? Lets first get into what is GUI.
A Graphical User Interface(GUI) is the foremost thing any user sees and interacts with on opening any application/website. An interface usually includes a number of visual elements like icons, buttons, graphics, displayed text, and many more such features. It’s the mixture of of these elements that creates up an important a part of your application or website’s user experience.
Python Programming GUI
Python has a lot of frameworks for developing GUI, and that we have gathered a number of the foremost popular Python GUI frameworks in our list that’s listed down here :
- Developed By: Riverbank Computing
- Website Link: https://riverbankcomputing.com/software/pyqt/intro
The PyQt package focuses on the Qt framework. It includes an in-depth Python supported latest version of the Qt application framework. Similar to the Qt5 framework, PyQt5 is additionally fully cross-platform. By leveraging the facility of PyQt5, developers can build applications for platforms like Windows, Mac, Linux, iOS, Android, and more.
Try it out by installing it in your system, using the command “pip install PyQt5”.
- Developed By: Mike B
- Website Link: https://pysimplegui.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
What this does can be made out just by looking at its name. Mike B. created this library PySimpleGUI back in 2018. It was created with the purpose of makeing it easier for newbies to foster into GUI development. Also, without spending an excessive amount of time stepping into the intricacies of the more advanced GUI development options available.
Beginners get the choice in here, to select the GUI framework of their choice along side quick access to the varied visual elements that accompany it to make intuitive user interfaces without diving deep into the frameworks. This doesn’t mean seasoned developers will only get access to the simplified versions of their favorite frameworks, the choice to urge full native functionality still exists.
- Developed By: Fredrik Lundh
- Website Link: https://wiki.python.org/moin/TkInter
Tkinter was create to equip modern developers with a typical interface to the Tk GUI toolkit with its Python bindings. In Tkinter’s world, most of the visual elements that we’re conversant in come to know as widgets, and every of those widgets offers a special level of customizability.
Tkinter comes baked into current Python installers for all major operating systems and offers a number of commonly used elements that we’re sure you want to be conversant in.
- Developed By: Robin Dunn
- Website Link: https://www.wxpython.org/
wxPython is actually a Python extension module that acts as a wrapper for the wxWidgets API. It also allows for Python developers to make native user interfaces that add no extra overhead to the application. Thus, the cross-platform capabilities of wxPython allow deployment to platforms like Windows, Mac OS, Linux, and Unix-based systems with little to no modifications.
If you’re quite curious and eager to know about this framework. And, you want to give it a try, then use the command “pip install wxPython==4.1.1”, and you are on your way on this great journey.
- Developed By: Kivy Organization
- Website Link: https://kivy.org
Kivy is written with a mix of both Python and Cython. It is an open-source Graphical User Interface (GUI) framework. Thus, used for building a number of the foremost intuitive user interfaces encompassing multi-touch applications that implement Natural User Interface(NUI).
A NUI may be a quite interface where the user naturally learns about the varied interactions provided by a interface while they’re usually kept invisible.
Thus, the foremost common use of the Kivy GUI framework within the real-world are often seen in our Android and iOS applications. ALso, other widespread implementations of the framework are often seen within the user interfaces of Linux, Windows, Raspberry Pi, and Mac OS devices. You’ll easily add this framework to your environment by following the installation instructions provided on their website.
- Website Link: https://wiki.python.org/moin/Wax
Remember the framework called wxPython that we discussed a couple of pointers ago? This framework is a bit like wxPython, in addition, it is a more developer-friendly wrapper of wxPython. Like other popular frameworks, wax is additionally implemented as an extension module for Python. It also support multi-platform-cross application.
The wax GUI framework enjoys an great level of efficiency and speed because it uses the native widgets provided by the platform. So, what are you waiting for go, give it a try.
Given below is an example of a simple GUI application using tKinter :
import tkinter as tk from tkinter import * from tkinter import ttk class shub( Frame ): def __init__( self ): tk.Frame.__init__(self) self.pack() self.master.title("Shubham") self.button1 = Button( self, text = "Press In", width = 25, command = self.new_window ) self.button1.grid( row = 0, column = 1, columnspan = 2, sticky = W+E+N+S ) def new_window(self): self.newWindow = shub2() class shub2(Frame): def __init__(self): new =tk.Frame.__init__(self) new = Toplevel(self) new.title("shub More Window") new.button = tk.Button( text = "Click for closing", width = 25, command = self.close_window ) new.button.pack() def close_window(self): self.destroy() def main(): shub().mainloop() if __name__ == '__main__': main()
SUMMING UP — How to Python GUI
From the above article it is clear that we now have a great variety of a number of GUI frameworks in Python. The list includes TkInter, Kivy, PyForms, and many others . All these frameworks though help you to build great user interfaces and facilitate awesome UI/UX experience. Hoping that this list helps you in your quest to find the best Python GUI frameworks. I am anyways quite eager to here from you on the GUI you choose to work out your tasks. Feel free to comment and inform me regardless.