The Top 11 Linux Basic Commands

Linux commands are a fundamental aspect of operating within the Linux environment. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced user, understanding basic Linux commands is crucial for efficiently navigating and managing the system. In this blog, we will cover some of the most commonly used Linux commands that every user should know.

Use of Linux Commands

Linux commands, often referred to as shell commands or Unix commands, are essential tools for interacting with the Linux operating system. Linux commands serve a wide range of purposes like listing files and directories, performing system administration tasks and more. They are used on servers, desktops, and even smartphones.

Most-Commonly Used Linux Commands

The ls Command

The ‘ls’ command is used to list files and directories and to customize the output according to specific criteria. By using options such as ‘-l’ for long listing format or ‘-a’ to display hidden files, users can tailor the output to suit their needs. Additionally, the ‘ls’ command can be combined with other commands or options to perform more advanced file operations.

The pwd Command

The ‘pwd’ command just shows where you are right now on the computer. But it is really important for making programs and tasks easier. When you use ‘pwd’ in programs, you can figure out where things are and work better with files and folders. It helps make tasks on the computer smoother and more flexible.

The cd Command

Apart from just moving around in folders, the ‘cd’ command in the computer can do much more. It has shortcuts and tricks to help you move faster. For example, typing “cd ..” lets you go up one level in the folder structure, and “cd -” takes you back to where you were before. Knowing these little tricks can make it easier to move around and get things done quicker on the computer.

The mkdir Command

Besides making one directory at a time, the ‘mkdir’ command can make many directories at once if you use the “-p” option. This is handy for making complicated folder structures with lots of folders inside each other all at once. Also, you can mix ‘mkdir’ with other commands like find to make folders automatically based on certain rules.

The clear Command

The main function of the ‘clear’ command is to tidy up the screen on your computer’s terminal, making it look cleaner. It is also really useful for making things easier to read and understand. For example, adding ‘clear’ to scripts or commands can make information easier to follow by keeping everything neat and organized. Plus, you can customize ‘clear’ with ‘aliases’ or special commands to make it even more helpful for you.

The uname Command

The ‘uname’ command gives you some basic information about your system right away. You can use different options to get specific details about things like the software, hardware, or version of the system you’re using. Knowing about these options helps you get more detailed information, which can be really handy for fixing problems, checking if things work together, or managing the system better.

The man Command

Besides just showing you manuals for commands, the ‘man’ command does more than that. You can search for keywords, use shortcuts to move around, and see related commands all in one place. These tricks help you learn and understand commands faster. It is like having a supercharged guidebook that makes it easier to explore and use lots of different commands on your computer

The locate Command

While ‘locate’ can quickly find files, how well it works depends on how up-to-date and complete its database is. To make it work better, you can regularly update the database using the ‘updatedb’ command. They can also customize how ‘locate’ searches by using specific patterns or filters to make the results more accurate. This way, you can get the most out of ‘locate’ and find what you need faster

The ln Command

Besides just making symbolic and hard links, the ‘ln’ command can do more if you need it to. You can use special options to set things like who owns the link, what permissions it has, and what type of file it points to. Knowing about these options helps you make links that work just right for what you need, making it easier to manage and organize your files efficiently.

The cat Command

Although ‘cat’ is often used for viewing files, it can do much more. It can combine files together, send content to different places, and change data using pipes and special symbols. By mixing ‘cat’ with other commands like ‘grep’ or ‘awk’, you can do tricky things with text, like finding specific words or changing parts of files, without much hassle.

The head and tail Commands

In addition to showing the start or end of files, the ‘head’ and ‘tail’ commands can be customized to display only a certain number of lines or bytes. This helps you quickly grab specific parts of big files. Additionally, they can be used in scripts or with other commands to automatically handle file sections, like headers or footers, making it easier to work with large amounts of data in a programmatic way.


Mastering basic Linux commands is essential for effectively navigating and managing the Linux operating system. We hope that our blog helped you understand ’11 Linux Basic Commands’.

Also, checkout Top 10 Linux Interview Questions and Answers

Categorized in: